Bird Finder

You can retrieve posts containing specific sightings of many species by clicking on the labels on the right side of this webpage, under "Bird Species."  Below is more general information on the status and distribution of all birds recorded in Nicaragua, annotated where possible with information on the most reliable site(s) where the species can be found.  Please note this is a work in progress and comments and contributions are welcomed!


Great Tinamou Tinamus major
Common resident of Atlantic slope lowland forests.  Regularly recorded at Refugio Bartola.

Little Tinamou Crypturellus soui
Common but local resident of Atlantic slope lowland forests. Recently reported from El Jaguar.

Slaty-breasted Tinamou Crypturellus boucardi
Common resident of Atlantic slope lowland forests.  Cerro Musun.

Thicket Tinamou Crypturellus cinnamomeus
Common but local resident of dry forest and cloud forest on both slopes and in north-central mountains, up to 1,300 m.

Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus
Common resident on fresh water ponds and small lakes throughout Nicaragua. Nearly always present at Selva Negra.

Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps
Uncommon and localized resident. Often seen at Laguna de Xiloá and Laguna de Apoyo.

Black-capped Petrel Pterodroma hasitat
Rare migrant to territorial waters along Nicaragua's Atlantic coast.

Audubon's Shearwater Puffinus lherminieri

Wedge-rumped Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma Tethys

Leach's Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa

Black Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma melania

Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus

American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis
Abundant year-round resident along both coasts.

Blue-footed Booby Sula nebouxii

Nazca Booby Sula granti
Rare vagrant along Pacific coast.

Red-footed Booby Sula sula

Brown Booby Sula leucogaster

Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus
Abudant and widespread resident on lakes, estuaries and seacoasts.

Anhinga Anhinga anhinga
Common resident of mangroves, estuaries along both coasts and along Rio San Juan.

Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens
Abundant year-round resident along both coasts. Rarely seen inland near Lakes Managua and Nicaragua.

Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias
Common resident of freshwater lakes and flooded grasslands.  Nearly always present at Laguna de Tisma and Lago Apanas.

Great Egret Ardea alba

Reddish Egret Egretta rufescens

Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor

Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea

Snowy Egret Egretta thula

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Abundant resident in open, agricultural areas, especially around livestock.

Green Heron Butorides virescens

Agami Heron Agamia agami
Uncommon and local resident of shaded streams in Atlantic slope lowland forests.  Most recently reported from Refugio Bartola.

Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax

Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea

Boat-billed Heron Cochlearius cochlearius

Bare-throated Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma mexicanum

Rufescent Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma lineatum

Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis

Pinnated Bittern Botaurus pinnatus

American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus
Status uncertain, but probably a very rare vagrant in flooded grasslands. Only two published records, from 2003 (Matagalpa) and 2010 (Jinotega).

Wood Stork Mycteria americana

Jabiru Jabiru mycteria

Green Ibis Mesembrinibis cayennensis
Probably a relatively recent arrival to Nicaragua, now regular but uncommon along the Rio San Juan below the mouth of the Rio Bartola.  Scattered reports from elsewhere on the Atlantic slope.

White Ibis Eudocimus albus

Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus

Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja

Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor

Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis

Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata

American Wigeon Anas americana

Green-winged Teal Anas crecca

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos

Northern Pintail Anas acuta

Blue-winged Teal Anas discors

Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera

Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata

Canvasback Aythya valisineria

Redhead Aythya americana

Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris

Greater Scaup Aythya marila

Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis

Masked Duck Nomonyx dominicus

Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis
Uncommon winter visitor.  Regular at Laguna de Moyua.

Black Vulture Coragyps atratus
Abundant year-round resident throughout Nicaragua, in virtually any habitat. Impossible to miss.

Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura
Common year-round resident. Individuals patrol in open areas.

Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes burrovianus

King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa
Very rare resident of Pacific slope, common resident of Atlantic slope lowlands.  Regularly seen soaring over the Rio San Juan at Refugio Bartola.

Osprey Pandion haliaetus

Gray-headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis

Hook-billed Kite Chondrohierax uncinatus

Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus

Pearl Kite Gampsonyx swainsonii

White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus

Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis

Double-toothed Kite Harpagus bidentatus

Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis

Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea

Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus
Uncommon winter visitor to open grassland areas. Laguna de Tisma.

Tiny Hawk Accipiter superciliosus

Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus

Cooper's Hawk Accipiter cooperii

Bicolored Hawk Accipiter bicolor

Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens

Semiplumbeous Hawk Leucopternis semiplumbeus

White Hawk Leucopternis albicollis

Common Black-Hawk Buteogallus anthracinus

Great Black-Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga

Harris's Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus

Black-collared Hawk Busarellus nigricollis

Solitary Eagle Harpyhaliaetus solitarius

Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris

Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus

Gray Hawk Buteo nitidus

Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus

Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni

White-tailed Hawk Buteo albicaudatus

Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus

Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis

Crested Eagle Morphnus guianensis

Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja

Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus melanoleucus

Black Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus tyrannus

Ornate Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus ornatus

Red-throated Caracara Ibycter americanus

Crested Caracara Caracara cheriway

Yellow-headed Caracara Milvago chimachima

Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans

Barred Forest-Falcon Micrastur ruficollis

Collared Forest-Falcon Micrastur semitorquatus

American Kestrel Falco sparverius

Aplomado Falcon Falco femoralis

Merlin Falco columbarius

Bat Falcon Falco rufigularis

Orange-breasted Falcon Falco deiroleucus

Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus

Plain Chachalaca Ortalis vetula

Gray-headed Chachalaca Ortalis cinereiceps

White-bellied Chachalaca Ortalis leucogastra

Crested Guan Penelope purpurascens

Highland Guan Penelopina nigra
Uncommon resident of cloud forest in north-central mountains. Reliably seen at El Jaguar.

Great Curassow Crax rubra

Buffy-crowned Wood-Partridge Dendrortyx leucophrys

Black-throated Bobwhite Colinus nigrogularis

Crested Bobwhite Colinus cristatus

Black-eared Wood-Quail Odontophorus melanotis

Spotted Wood-Quail Odontophorus guttatus

Ocellated Quail Cyrtonyx ocellatus

Tawny-faced Quail Rhynchortyx cinctus

Limpkin Aramus guarauna

Ruddy Crake Laterallus ruber

White-throated Crake Laterallus albigularis

Gray-breasted Crake Laterallus exilis

Rufous-necked Wood-Rail Aramides axillaris

Gray-necked Wood-Rail Aramides cajanea

Uniform Crake Amaurolimnas concolor

Sora Porzana carolina

Yellow-breasted Crake Porzana flaviventer

Spotted Rail Pardirallus maculatus

Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica

Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus

American Coot Fulica americana

Sungrebe Heliornis fulica

Sunbittern Eurypyga helias
Uncommon and local on fast-flowing, rocky streams of Atlantic slope, up to 1,000 meters.  Rio Bartola and Cerro Musun (on the river above the waterfall) are reliable sites.

Northern Jacana Jacana spinosa

Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana

American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus

Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus

Double-striped Thick-knee Burhinus bistriatus

American Golden-Plover Pluvialis dominica

Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola

Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus

Wilson's Plover Charadrius wilsonia

Killdeer Charadrius vociferus

Piping Plover Charadrius melodus

Collared Plover Charadrius collaris

Wilson's Snipe Gallinago delicata

Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus

Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus

Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus

Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda

Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius

Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria

Wandering Tattler Tringa incana

Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca

Willet Tringa semipalmata

Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes

Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres

Surfbird Aphriza virgata

Sanderling Calidris alba

Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla

Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri

Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla

White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis

Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii

Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos

Dunlin Calidris alpina

Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus

Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis

Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor

Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus

Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius

Herring Gull Larus argentatus

Laughing Gull Leucophaeus atricilla

Franklin's Gull Leucophaeus pipixcan

Sabine's Gull Xema sabini

Brown Noddy Anous stolidus

Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscatus

Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus

Least Tern Sternula antillarum

Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica

Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia

Black Tern Chlidonias niger

Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii

Common Tern Sterna hirundo

Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri

Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus

Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis

Elegant Tern Thalasseus elegans

Black Skimmer Rynchops niger

Pomarine Jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus

Long-tailed Jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus

Rock (Feral) Pigeon Columba livia
Regrettably common in urban areas throughout most of the country.

White-crowned Pigeon Patagioenas leucocephala

Scaled Pigeon Patagioenas speciosa

Band-tailed Pigeon Patagioenas fasciata

Pale-vented Pigeon Patagioenas cayennensis

Red-billed Pigeon Patagioenas flavirostris

Short-billed Pigeon Patagioenas nigrirostris

Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura

White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica

Common Ground-Dove Columbina passerina

Plain-breasted Ground-Dove Columbina minuta

Ruddy Ground-Dove Columbina talpacoti

Inca Dove Columbina inca

Blue Ground-Dove Claravis pretiosa

White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi

Gray-headed Dove Leptotila plumbeiceps

Gray-chested Dove Leptotila cassini

Olive-backed Quail-Dove Geotrygon veraguensis

White-faced Quail-Dove Geotrygon albifacies

Violaceous Quail-Dove Geotrygon violacea

Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana

Great Green Macaw Ara ambiguus
Uncommon in Atlantic slope forests.  Reliably seen at Refugio Bartola.

Scarlet Macaw Ara macao

Green Parakeet Aratinga holochlora

Pacific Parakeet Aratinga strenua

Crimson-fronted Parakeet Aratinga finschi

Olive-throated Parakeet Aratinga nana

Orange-fronted Parakeet Aratinga canicularis

Barred Parakeet Bolborhynchus lineola

Orange-chinned Parakeet Brotogeris jugularis

Brown-hooded Parrot Pyrilia haematotis

Blue-headed Parrot Pionus menstruus

White-crowned Parrot Pionus senilis

White-fronted Parrot Amazona albifrons

Red-lored Parrot Amazona autumnalis

Yellow-naped Parrot Amazona auropalliata

Mealy Parrot Amazona farinosa

Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus

Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus

Mangrove Cuckoo Coccyzus minor

Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana

Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani

Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris

Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia

Pheasant Cuckoo Dromococcyx phasianellus

Lesser Ground-Cuckoo Morococcyx erythropygus

Lesser Roadrunner Geococcyx velox

Rufous-vented Ground-Cuckoo Neomorphus geoffroyi

Barn Owl Tyto alba

Pacific Screech-Owl Megascops cooperi

Whiskered Screech-Owl Megascops trichopsis

Vermiculated Screech-Owl Megascops guatemalae

Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus

Mottled Owl Ciccaba virgata

Black-and-white Owl Ciccaba nigrolineata

Crested Owl Lophostrix cristata

Spectacled Owl Pulsatrix perspicillata

Northern Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium gnoma

Central American Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium griseiceps

Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium brasilianum

Striped Owl Pseudoscops clamator

Stygian Owl Asio stygius

Great Potoo Nyctibius grandis

Northern Potoo Nyctibius jamaicensis

Common Potoo Nyctibius griseus

Short-tailed Nighthawk Lurocalis semitorquatus

Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis

Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor

Common Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis

Ocellated Poorwill Nyctiphrynus ocellatus
Very rare and local, known only from two records, the first from 1909 at Penas Blancas (Jinotega) and the second from March 2011 at Refugio Bartola on the Rio San Juan. The Mesoamerican population is believed to represent a disjunct subspecies, N. o. lautus, which is geographically isolated from the nominate South American subspecies. 

Chuck-will's-widow Caprimulgus carolinensis

Rufous Nightjar Caprimulgus rufus

Tawny-collared Nightjar Caprimulgus salvini

Buff-collared Nightjar Caprimulgus ridgwayi

Whip-poor-will Caprimulgus vociferus

Spot-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus maculicaudus

Black Swift Cypseloides niger

White-chinned Swift Cypseloides cryptus

Chestnut-collared Swift Streptoprocne rutila

White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris

Gray-rumped Swift Chaetura cinereiventris

Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica

Vaux's Swift Chaetura vauxi

Great Swallow-tailed Swift Panyptila sanctihieronymi

Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift Panyptila cayennensis

Bronzy Hermit Glaucis aeneus

Band-tailed Barbthroat Threnetes ruckeri

Long-billed Hermit Phaethornis longirostris

Stripe-throated Hermit Phaethornis striigularis

Scaly-breasted Hummingbird Phaeochroa cuvierii

Violet Sabrewing Campylopterus hemileucurus

White-necked Jacobin Florisuga mellivora

Brown Violetear Colibri delphinae

Green Violetear Colibri thalassinus

Green-breasted Mango Anthracothorax prevostii

Violet-headed Hummingbird Klais guimeti

Emerald-chinned Hummingbird Abeillia abeillei

Black-crested Coquette Lophornis helenae

Canivet's Emerald Chlorostilbon canivetii

Stripe-tailed Hummingbird Eupherusa eximia

Violet-crowned Woodnymph Thalurania colombica

Blue-throated Goldentail Hylocharis eliciae

White-eared Hummingbird Hylocharis leucotis

Rufous-tailed Hummingbird Amazilia tzacatl

Cinnamon Hummingbird Amazilia rutila

White-bellied Emerald Amazilia candida

Azure-crowned Hummingbird Amazilia cyanocephala

Blue-chested Hummingbird Amazilia amabilis

Steely-vented Hummingbird Amazilia saucerrottei

Blue-tailed Hummingbird Amazilia cyanura

Snowcap Microchera albocoronata

Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer Chalybura urochrysia

Green-breasted Mountain-gem Lampornis sybillae

Purple-throated Mountain-gem Lampornis calolaemus

Magnificent Hummingbird Eugenes fulgens

Purple-crowned Fairy Heliothryx barroti

Plain-capped Starthroat Heliomaster constantii

Long-billed Starthroat Heliomaster longirostris

Sparkling-tailed Hummingbird Tilmatura dupontii

Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris

Black-headed Trogon Trogon melanocephalus

Gartered (Violaceous) Trogon Trogon (violaceus) caligatus

Collared Trogon Trogon collaris

Elegant Trogon Trogon elegans

Black-throated Trogon Trogon rufus

Slaty-tailed Trogon Trogon massena

Lattice-tailed Trogon Trogon clathratus

Resplendent Quetzal Pharomachrus mocinno
Uncommon resident of cloud forests in north-central mountains, where it feeds on the fruits of trees belonging to the avacado family.  Most easily seen at Selva Negra in March when it is vocal and conspicuous.

Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon

Ringed Kingfisher Megaceryle torquatus

Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona

Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana

Green-and-rufous Kingfisher Chloroceryle inda

American Pygmy Kingfisher Chloroceryle aenea

Tody Motmot Hylomanes momotula

Blue-crowned Motmot Momotus momota

Rufous Motmot Baryphthengus martii

Keel-billed Motmot Electron carinatum

Broad-billed Motmot Electron platyrhynchum

Turquoise-browed Motmot Eumomota superciliosa
Nicaragua's national bird, "El Guardabarranco," is a common resident of Pacific lowlands, and can be found in a variety of habitats including urban gardens and agricultural areas. Look for this species virtually anywhere near Managua, Granada, or in the SW Pacific.

Rufous-tailed Jacamar Galbula ruficauda

Great Jacamar Jacamerops aureus

White-necked Puffbird Notharchus hyperrhynchus

Pied Puffbird Notharchus tectus

White-whiskered Puffbird Malacoptila panamensis

White-fronted Nunbird Monasa morphoeus

Emerald Toucanet Aulacorhynchus prasinus

Yellow-eared Toucanet Selenidera spectabilis

Collared Aracari Pteroglossus torquatus

Keel-billed Toucan Ramphastos sulfuratus

Chestnut-mandibled Toucan Ramphastos swainsonii

Olivaceous Piculet Picumnus olivaceus

Acorn Woodpecker Melanerpes formicivorus

Black-cheeked Woodpecker Melanerpes pucherani

Golden-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes aurifrons

Hoffmann's Woodpecker Melanerpes hoffmannii
Endemic to Central America. Common throughout Pacific lowlands, including in urban areas.

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius

Ladder-backed Woodpecker Picoides scalaris

Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus

Smoky-brown Woodpecker Picoides fumigatus

Rufous-winged Woodpecker Piculus simplex

Golden-olive Woodpecker Colaptes rubiginosus

Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus

Cinnamon Woodpecker Celeus loricatus

Chestnut-colored Woodpecker Celeus castaneus

Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus

Pale-billed Woodpecker Campephilus guatemalensis

Slaty Spinetail Synallaxis brachyura

Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaner Anabacerthia variegaticeps

Striped Woodhaunter Hyloctistes subulatus

Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner Automolus ochrolaemus

Ruddy Foliage-gleaner Automolus rubiginosus

Tawny-throated Leaftosser Sclerurus mexicanus

Scaly-throated Leaftosser Sclerurus guatemalensis

Plain Xenops Xenops minutus

Streaked Xenops Xenops rutilans

Plain-brown Woodcreeper Dendrocincla fuliginosa

Tawny-winged Woodcreeper Dendrocincla anabatina

Ruddy Woodcreeper Dendrocincla homochroa

Long-tailed Woodcreeper Deconychura longicauda

Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus

Wedge-billed Woodcreeper Glyphorynchus spirurus

Strong-billed Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus

Northern Barred-Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae

Cocoa Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus susurrans

Ivory-billed Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus flavigaster

Black-striped Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus lachrymosus

Spotted Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus erythropygius

Spot-crowned Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes affinis

Streak-headed Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes souleyetii

Brown-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus pusillus

Fasciated Antshrike Cymbilaimus lineatus

Great Antshrike Taraba major

Barred Antshrike Thamnophilus doliatus

Western Slaty-Antshrike Thamnophilus atrinucha

Russet Antshrike Thamnistes anabatinus

Plain Antvireo Dysithamnus mentalis

Streak-crowned Antvireo Dysithamnus striaticeps

Checker-throated Antwren Epinecrophylla fulviventris

White-flanked Antwren Myrmotherula axillaris

Slaty Antwren Myrmotherula schisticolor

Dot-winged Antwren Microrhopias quixensis

Dusky Antbird Cercomacra tyrannina

Bare-crowned Antbird Gymnocichla nudiceps

Chestnut-backed Antbird Myrmeciza exsul

Spotted Antbird Hylophylax naevioides

Wing-banded Antbird Myrmornis torquata

Bicolored Antbird Gymnopithys leucaspis

Ocellated Antbird Phaenostictus mcleannani

Black-faced Antthrush Formicarius analis

Streak-chested Antpitta Hylopezus perspicillatus

Thicket Antpitta Hylopezus dives

Scaled Antpitta Grallaria guatimalensis

Rufous Piha Lipaugus unirufus

Lovely Cotinga Cotinga amabilis

Snowy Cotinga Carpodectes nitidus

Purple-throated Fruitcrow Querula purpurata

Bare-necked Umbrellabird Cephalopterus glabricollis

Three-wattled Bellbird Procnias tricarunculatus

Red-capped Manakin Pipra mentalis

Blue-crowned Manakin Lepidothrix coronata

Long-tailed Manakin Chiroxiphia linearis

White-ruffed Manakin Corapipo altera

White-collared Manakin Manacus candei

Gray-headed Piprites Piprites griseiceps

Thrush-like Schiffornis Schiffornis turdina

Greenish Elaenia Myiopagis viridicata

Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster

Mountain Elaenia Elaenia frantzii

Yellow-bellied Tyrannulet Ornithion semiflavum

Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma imberbe

Yellow Tyrannulet Capsiempis flaveola

Paltry Tyrannulet Zimmerius vilissimus

Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus

Ochre-bellied Flycatcher Mionectes oleagineus

Black-capped Pygmy-Tyrant Myiornis atricapillus

Northern Bentbill Oncostoma cinereigulare

Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus sylvia

Common Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum

Eye-ringed Flatbill Rhynchocyclus brevirostris

Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens

Yellow-margined Flycatcher Tolmomyias assimilis

Stub-tailed Spadebill Platyrinchus cancrominus

Golden-crowned Spadebill Platyrinchus coronatus

Royal Flycatcher Onychorhynchus coronatus

Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher Myiobius sulphureipygius

Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher Terenotriccus erythrurus

Tawny-chested Flycatcher Aphanotriccus capitalis

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris

Acadian Flycatcher Empidonax virescens

Willow Flycatcher Empidonax traillii

Alder Flycatcher Empidonax alnorum

White-throated Flycatcher Empidonax albigularis

Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus

Hammond's Flycatcher Empidonax hammondii

Yellowish Flycatcher Empidonax flavescens

Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi

Greater Pewee Contopus pertinax

Western Wood-Pewee Contopus sordidulus

Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens

Tropical Pewee Contopus cinereus

Tufted Flycatcher Mitrephanes phaeocercus

Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans

Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus

Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus

Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophaius

Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis

Gray-capped Flycatcher Myiozetetes granadensis

Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus

White-ringed Flycatcher Conopias albovittatus

Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher Myiodynastes luteiventris

Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus

Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua

Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus

Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis

Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus

Gray Kingbird Tyrannus dominicensis

Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus
Common and widespread winter visitor (mid-October to mid-April) to open areas along Pacific coast and in north-central mountains, particularly dry grasslands around Lago Apanas.

Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana

Rufous Mourner Rhytipterna holerythra

Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer

Ash-throated Flycatcher Myiarchus cinerascens

Nutting's Flycatcher Myiarchus nuttingi

Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus

Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus

Bright-rumped Attila Attila spadiceus

Speckled Mourner Laniocera rufescens

Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata

Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor

Cinnamon Becard Pachyramphus cinnamomeus

White-winged Becard Pachyramphus polychopterus

Gray-collared Becard Pachyramphus major

Rose-throated Becard Pachyramphus aglaiae

Bank Swallow Riparia riparia

Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor

Mangrove Swallow Tachycineta albilinea

Purple Martin Progne subis

Gray-breasted Martin Progne chalybea

Blue-and-white Swallow Pygochelidon cyanoleuca

Northern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis

Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis

Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica

Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota

Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum

American Dipper Cinclus mexicanus

Band-backed Wren Campylorhynchus zonatus

Rufous-naped Wren Campylorhynchus rufinucha

Rock Wren Salpinctes obsoletus

Black-throated Wren Thryothorus atrogularis

Spot-breasted Wren Thryothorus maculipectus

Bay Wren Thryothorus nigricapillus

Stripe-breasted Wren Thryothorus thoracicus

Banded Wren Thryothorus pleurostictus

Carolina Wren Thryothorus ludovicianus

Rufous-and-white Wren Thryothorus rufalbus

Plain Wren Thryothorus modestus

House Wren Troglodytes aedon

Rufous-browed Wren Troglodytes rufociliatus

Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis

White-breasted Wood-Wren Henicorhina leucosticta

Gray-breasted Wood-Wren Henicorhina leucophrys

Nightingale Wren Microcerculus philomela

Song Wren Cyphorhinus phaeocephalus

Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis

Tropical Mockingbird Mimus gilvus

Blue-and-white Mockingbird Melanotis hypoleucus

Eastern Bluebird Sialia sialis

Slate-colored Solitaire Myadestes unicolor

Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush Catharus aurantiirostris

Ruddy-capped Nightingale-Thrush Catharus frantzii

Black-headed Nightingale-Thrush Catharus mexicanus

Veery Catharus fuscescens

Gray-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus

Swainson's Thrush Catharus ustulatus

Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina

Mountain Thrush Turdus plebejus

Clay-colored Thrush Turdus grayi

White-throated Thrush Turdus assimilis

Tawny-faced Gnatwren Microbates cinereiventris

Long-billed Gnatwren Ramphocaenus melanurus

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea

White-lored Gnatcatcher Polioptila albiloris

Tropical Gnatcatcher Polioptila plumbea

Brown Creeper Certhia americana

Steller's Jay Cyanocitta stelleri

White-throated Magpie-Jay Calocitta formosa
Widespread and common throughout Pacific Slope. Especially common at Laguna de Apoyo and in the Isletas de Granada.

Green Jay Cyanocorax yncas

Brown Jay Cyanocorax morio

Bushy-crested Jay Cyanocorax melanocyaneus
Endemic to northern Central America. Local but common in Northern Mountains. Impossible to miss at Selva Negra where it is frequently seen in the parking lot in front of the main reception/restaurant building.

Common Raven Corvus corax

House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Found in several of Managua's more urban neighborhoods, such as Barrio San Judas, where it may be expanding. Not likely to be encountered outside of dense urban areas.

White-eyed Vireo Vireo griseus

Mangrove Vireo Vireo pallens

Bell's Vireo Vireo bellii

Yellow-throated Vireo Vireo flavifrons

Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius

Warbling Vireo Vireo gilvus

Brown-capped Vireo Vireo leucophrys

Philadelphia Vireo Vireo philadelphicus

Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus

Yellow-green Vireo Vireo flavoviridis

Scrub Greenlet Hylophilus flavipes

Tawny-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus ochraceiceps

Lesser Greenlet Hylophilus decurtatus

Green Shrike-Vireo Vireolanius pulchellus

Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis

Scrub Euphonia Euphonia affinis

Yellow-crowned Euphonia Euphonia luteicapilla

Yellow-throated Euphonia Euphonia hirundinacea

Elegant Euphonia Euphonia elegantissima

Olive-backed Euphonia Euphonia gouldi

White-vented Euphonia Euphonia minuta

Blue-crowned Chlorophonia Chlorophonia occipitalis

Golden-browed Chlorophonia Chlorophonia callophrys

Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra

Black-headed Siskin Spinus notatus

Lesser Goldfinch Spinus psaltria

Olive Warbler Peucedramus taeniatus

Blue-winged Warbler Vermivora pinus

Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera

Tennessee Warbler Vermivora peregrina

Crescent-chested Warbler Parula superciliosa

Northern Parula Parula americana

Tropical Parula Parula pitiayumi

Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia

Chestnut-sided Warbler Dendroica pensylvanica

Magnolia Warbler Dendroica magnolia

Cape May Warbler Dendroica tigrina

Black-throated Blue Warbler Dendroica caerulescens

Yellow-rumped Warbler Dendroica coronata

Golden-cheeked Warbler Dendroica chrysoparia

Black-throated Green Warbler Dendroica virens

Townsend's Warbler Dendroica townsendi

Hermit Warbler Dendroica occidentalis

Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca

Yellow-throated Warbler Dendroica dominica

Grace's Warbler Dendroica graciae

Prairie Warbler Dendroica discolor

Palm Warbler Dendroica palmarum

Bay-breasted Warbler Dendroica castanea

Blackpoll Warbler Dendroica striata

Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea
Uncommon passage migrant on Atlantic slope and in north-central mountains, mainly between mid-March and mid-April.  Recent reports from Aguas Frescas (Rio San Juan) and El Jaguar (Jinotega).

Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia

American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla

Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea

Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorum

Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla

Northern Waterthrush Seiurus noveboracensis

Louisiana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla

Kentucky Warbler Oporornis formosus

Mourning Warbler Oporornis philadelphia

MacGillivray's Warbler Oporornis tolmiei

Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas

Olive-crowned Yellowthroat Geothlypis semiflava

Gray-crowned Yellowthroat Geothlypis poliocephala

Hooded Warbler Wilsonia citrina

Wilson's Warbler Wilsonia pusilla

Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis

Painted Redstart Myioborus pictus

Slate-throated Redstart Myioborus miniatus

Fan-tailed Warbler Euthlypis lachrymosa

Golden-crowned Warbler Basileuterus culicivorus

Rufous-capped Warbler Basileuterus rufifrons

Buff-rumped Warbler Phaeothlypis fulvicauda

Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens

Bananaquit Coereba flaveola

Common Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus ophthalmicus

Carmiol's Tanager Chlorothraupis carmioli

Gray-headed Tanager Eucometis penicillata

White-throated Shrike-Tanager Lanio leucothorax

White-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus luctuosus

Tawny-crested Tanager Tachyphonus delatrii

White-lined Tanager Tachyphonus rufus

Red-crowned Ant-Tanager Habia rubica

Red-throated Ant-Tanager Habia fuscicauda

Hepatic Tanager Piranga flava

Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea

Summer Tanager Piranga rubra

Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana

Flame-colored Tanager Piranga bidentata

White-winged Tanager Piranga leucoptera

Crimson-collared Tanager Ramphocelus sanguinolentus

Passerini's Tanager Ramphocelus passerinii
Abundant and widespread resident of open areas and forest edges on Atlantic slope and in north-central mountains.  Perhaps the most common and conspicuous species at Refugio Bartola.

Blue-gray Tanager Thraupis episcopus

Yellow-winged Tanager Thraupis abbas
Common resident of north-central mountains and Atlantic lowlands.  Particularly common at Selva Negra.

Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum

Bay-headed Tanager Tangara gyrola

Rufous-winged Tanager Tangara lavinia

Golden-hooded Tanager Tangara larvata

Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana

Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza

Shining Honeycreeper Cyanerpes lucidus

Red-legged Honeycreeper Cyanerpes cyaneus

Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina

Slate-colored Seedeater Sporophila schistacea

Variable Seedeater Sporophila corvina

White-collared Seedeater Sporophila torqueola

Yellow-bellied Seedeater Sporophila nigricollis

Ruddy-breasted Seedeater Sporophila minuta

Nicaraguan Seed-Finch Oryzoborus nuttingi

Thick-billed Seed-Finch Oryzoborus funereus

Blue Seedeater Amaurospiza concolor

Yellow-faced Grassquit Tiaris olivaceus

Slaty Finch Haplospiza rustica

Cinnamon-bellied Flowerpiercer Diglossa baritula

Grassland Yellow-Finch Sicalis luteola

White-naped Brush-Finch Atlapetes albinucha

Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch Arremon brunneinucha

Orange-billed Sparrow Arremon aurantiirostris

Olive Sparrow Arremonops rufivirgatus

Black-striped Sparrow Arremonops conirostris

White-eared Ground-Sparrow Melozone leucotis
Uncommon resident of coffee plantations and forest edges in northern mountains, mainly above 800 meters. Most easily seen in coffee patches at Selva Negra.

Stripe-headed Sparrow Aimophila ruficauda

Botteri's Sparrow Aimophila botterii

Rusty Sparrow Aimophila rufescens

Chipping Sparrow Spizella passerina

Grasshopper Sparrow Ammodramus savannarum

Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis

Grayish Saltator Saltator coerulescens

Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus

Black-headed Saltator Saltator atriceps

Slate-colored Grosbeak Saltator grossus

Black-faced Grosbeak Caryothraustes poliogaster

Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus

Blue Bunting Cyanocompsa parellina

Blue-black Grosbeak Cyanocompsa cyanoides

Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea

Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea

Painted Bunting Passerina ciris

Dickcissel Spiza americana

Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus

Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus

Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna

Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus

Melodious Blackbird Dives dives

Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus
Abundant and widespread resident throughout all lowland areas, in virtually any habitat except dense forest. One of Nicaragua's most conspicuous birds.

Nicaraguan Grackle Quiscalus nicaraguensis
A near-endemic, found only in Nicaragua and extreme northern Costa Rica, mainly in cattle pastures on the shores of Lake Managua (especially north of Mateare), Laguna de Tisma, and Lake Nicaragua. Often found in the company of the larger and more conspicuous Great-tailed Grackle.

Bronzed Cowbird Molothrus aeneus

Giant Cowbird Molothrus oryzivorus

Yellow-backed Oriole Icterus chrysater

Yellow-tailed Oriole Icterus mesomelas

Spot-breasted Oriole Icterus pectoralis

Altamira Oriole Icterus gularis

Streak-backed Oriole Icterus pustulatus

Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula
Common and widespread winter visitor, countrywide in virtually any habitat, mainly from October to April.

Orchard Oriole Icterus spurius

Black-cowled Oriole Icterus prosthemelas

Black-vented Oriole Icterus wagleri

Yellow-billed Cacique Amblycercus holosericeus

Scarlet-rumped Cacique Cacicus uropygialis

Chestnut-headed Oropendola Psarocolius wagleri

Montezuma Oropendola Psarocolius montezuma